There are Changes to the Working From Home Expense Methods 2022-23

On Thursday 3 November 2022, the ATO announced draft changes to the work from home expense claim methods.  

The draft Practical Compliance guideline (PCG) released, outlines a new method called the revised fixed rate method for claiming a deduction for working from home expenses in 2022-23.

The Changes Summarized

  • A NEW $0.67 cent fixed rate method has been introduced with significant changes to what you can and cannot claim as well as extra record keeping requirements.
  • The existing $0.52 cent fixed rate method has been revised and will not be available for use in 2022-23.
  • Shortcut method of $0.80 cent per hour has ended (i.e., it cannot be used to calculate a deduction for 2022-23). This means that the existing fixed rate deduction method has been revised.

Revised Fixed Rate Method

More specifically the revised fixed rate method provides a $0.67 cent deduction for each hour worked from home.

This rate per hour covers expenses included in the revised fixed rate:

  • Data and internet
  • Mobile and home phone usage
  • Electricity and gas
  • Computer consumables (printer ink)
  • Stationery

What is very important to note, is that you will not be eligible to claim a separate deduction for any expenses included in the revised fixed rate method.

However, you can claim a separate deduction for:

  • The decline in value of assets used while working from home, such as technology and office furniture, as well as any repairs and maintenance of these items
  • Other working expenses you incur because of working from home which are not covered by the rate per hour
  • Cleaning (only if you have a dedicated home office)

Actual Cost Method

The actual cost method allows you to claim a deduction for the actual expenses you incur as a result of working from home.

You may be able to claim a deduction for each of the expenses you incur, such as:

  • Data and internet
  • Mobile and home phone usage
  • Electricity and gas
  • Computer consumables (printer ink)
  • Stationery
  • The decline in value of assets used while working from home, such as computers and office furniture, as well as any maintenance and repairs of these items
  • Cleaning (only if you have a dedicated home office)

The actual cost method requires detailed calculations and records. For example, you will need to know and have records of the cost

The Records Needed for this Change

Additional record keeping and evidence requirements have been set down by the ATO for those who wish to use this new method.

Revised Fixed Rate Method

To claim working from home expenses using the revised fixed rate method, you will need the following records:

  • A record of all the hours you work from home for the entire year (timesheet, roster, diary). Note that for 2022-23 a transitional timekeeping arrangement is available.
  • Evidence you paid for the expenses covered by the revised fixed rate method (for example, if you use your phone and electricity when you work from home, keep one bill for each of these expenses).

You will also need records for items you claim as a separate deduction.

Actual Cost Method

You will need to keep a record for every expense you claim.

Running expenses

You need the following evidence to show you incur additional running expenses:

  • Receipts, bills or invoices which show the supplier, amount of the expense, nature of the goods, date it was paid and the date of the document
  • Evidence of your personal and work-related use of the items or services you buy and use.

You can work out your work-related expenses using records for the entire year or over a 4 week period that represents your work use – for example, using a diary or itemized bill.


What is the $1,500 low and middle income tax offset and how will it affect my tax return in 2023?

As you may have heard through various news channels and articles, millions of Australians are due to feel a sharp increase in their taxes which will results in lower tax returns in 2023. Why? Because the generous low and middle income tax offset (LMITO) of up to $1,500 has expired and will not be available for the 2023 financial year.

It’s important to note that there is a difference between the low income tax offset (LITO) which is still available and the low and middle income tax offset (LMITO) which has expired.

Overview of the low and middle income tax offset (LMITO)

The low and middle income tax offset (LMITO) is a tax benefit that has been available to eligible Australian taxpayers since 2018.

Taxpayers earning between $37,00 and $126,000 for the 2021-22 financial year were able to benefit from this offset for an amount of up to $1,500. However, this offset is no longer available for the 2023 financial year, as you might have heard from media outlets throughout Australia, and in turn, this will lead to smaller tax returns for millions of individuals and sole traders compared to last year.

Overview of the low income tax offset (LITO)

The low income tax offset (LITO) has been available for many years, is still available, and has not expired like the LMITO. This tax offset will still provide some relief to those who earn less than $66,667 for the 2022-23 financial year.

Eligible taxpayers can claim the LITO when they file their tax returns. For the 2022-23 financial year, the maximum LITO is $700.

Table Showing estimated decline in tax refund for the 2023FY due to the expiry of the low and middle income tax offset.

IncomeReduction in 2023FY Tax Return
$30,000 or below$675
$130,000 or above$0

The 2023/24 Federal Budget Has Been Released

The 2023/24 Federal Budget has been released, so let’s take a look at what’s in it and how it will affect you.

1. Personal income tax measures

1.1 Increasing the Medicare levy low-income thresholds

The Government will increase the Medicare levy low-income thresholds for singles, families and seniors and pensioners from 1 July 2022 as follows:

• The threshold for singles will be increased from $23,365 to $24,276.

• The family threshold will be increased from $39,402 to $40,939.

• For single seniors and pensioners, the threshold will be increased from $36,925 to $38,365.

• The family threshold for seniors and pensioners will be increased from $51,401 to $53,406.

For each  dependent  child  or  student,  the  family  income  thresholds  will  increase  by  a  further $3,760 instead of the previous amount of $3,619.

The increase in the thresholds provides cost-of-living relief by taking account of recent CPI outcomes so that low-income individuals continue to be exempt from paying the Medicare levy.

1.2 Exempting lump sum payments in arrears from the Medicare levy

The Government will exempt eligible lumpsum payments in arrears from the Medicare levy from 1 July 2024.This measure will ensure low-income taxpayers do not pay higher amounts of the Medicare levy as a result of receiving an eligible lump sum payment, for example as compensation for underpaid wages.

Eligibility requirements will ensure that relief is targeted to taxpayers who are genuinely low-income and should be eligible for a reduced Medicare levy. To qualify, taxpayers must be eligible for a reduction in the Medicare levy in the two most recent years to which the lump sum accrues.

Taxpayers must also satisfy the eligibility requirements of the existing lump sum payment in arrears tax offset, including that a lump sum accounts for at least 10% of the taxpayer’s income in the year of receipt.

2. Small business measures

2.1 $20,000 instant asset write-off

From 1 July 2023 until 30 June 2024,the Government will temporarily increase the instant asset write-off threshold from $1,000to $20,000.

Small  businesses  with an aggregated  annual  turnover  of  less  than  $10  million  will  be  able  to immediately deduct the full cost of eligible assets costing less than $20,000 that are first used or installed  ready  for use between 1  July 2023 and 30 June 2024. The $20,000 threshold will apply on a per-asset basis, so small businesses can instantly write off multiple assets.

Assets valued at $20,000 or more (which cannot be immediately deducted) can continue to be placed  into  the  small  business  simplified  depreciation  pool  and  depreciated  at 15% in  the  first income year and 30% each income year thereafter.

The provisions that prevent small businesses from re-entering the simplified depreciation regime for five years if they opt-out will continue to be suspended until 30 June 2024.

2.2 New Energy Incentive for small businesses

Small and medium businesses with an aggregated annual turnover of less than $50 million will be  able  to  deduct  an additional  20% of  the  cost  of  eligible  depreciating  assets  that  support electrification and more efficient use of energy. Up to $100,000 of total expenditure will be eligible for the Small Business Energy Incentive, with the maximum bonus deduction being $20,000.

A range of depreciating assets, as well as upgrades to existing assets, will be eligible for the Small Business  Energy  Incentive. These  will  include  assets  that  upgrade  to  more  efficient  electrical goods (such as energy-efficient fridges), assets that support electrification (such as heat pumps and electric heating or cooling systems), and demand management assets (such as batteries or thermal  energy  storage).Full  details  of  eligibility  criteria  will  be  finalised  in  consultation  with stakeholders.

Eligible assets will need to be first used or installed ready for use between 1 July 2023 and 30 June 2024. Eligible upgrades will also need to be made in this period.

Certain  exclusions  will  apply  such  as  electric  vehicles,  renewable  electricity  generation  assets, capital works, and assets that are not connected to the electricity grid and use fossil fuels.

2.3 Lodgment penalty amnesty program

A lodgment penalty amnesty program is being provided for small businesses with an aggregated turnover of less than $10 million to encourage them to re-engage with the tax system.

The amnesty will remit failure-to-lodge penalties for outstanding tax statements lodged in the period from 1 June 2023 to 31 December 2023 that were originally due during the period from 1 December 2019 to 28 February 2022.

2.4 Halving the increase in quarterly tax instalments

The Government will amend the tax law to set the GDP adjustment factor for pay as you go (‘PAYG’) and GST instalments at 6% for the 2024 income year, a reduction from12% under the statutory formula. The reduced factor will provide cash flow support to small businesses and other PAYG instalment taxpayers. The 6% GDP adjustment rate will apply to small businesses and individuals who are eligible to use  the  relevant  instalment  methods  (up  to  $10  million  aggregated  annual  turnover  for  GST instalments  and  $50  million  aggregated annual turnover  for  PAYG  instalments),  in  respect  of instalments that relate to the 2024 income year and fall due after the enabling legislation receives Royal Assent.

3. Superannuation measures

3.1 Government to amend the non-arm’s length income (‘NALI’) provisions

The  Government will amend the NALI provisions which apply to expenditure incurred by superannuation funds by doing the following:

• Limiting income of self-managed superannuation  funds  and  small  Australian  Prudential Regulation Authority (‘APRA’) regulated funds that is taxable as NALI to twice the level of a general expense. Additionally, fund income taxable as NALI will exclude contributions.

• Exempting expenditure that occurred prior to the 2019 income year.

• Exempting large APRA regulated funds from the NALI provisions for both general and specific expenses of the fund.

3.2 Increasing the frequency of superannuation guarantee payments

From 1 July 2026, employers will be required to pay their employees’ superannuation guarantee entitlements on the same day that they pay salary and wages.

Currently, employers are only required to pay their employees’ superannuation guarantee on a quarterly basis.  By increasing the payment frequency of superannuation to align with the payment of salary and wages, this measure aims to ensure employees have greater visibility over whether their entitlements have been paid and better enable the ATO to recover unpaid superannuation.

Changes to the design of the superannuation guarantee charge will also be necessary to align with increased payment frequency.

This package will particularly benefit those in lower paid, casual and insecure work who are more likely to miss out when superannuation guarantee is paid less frequently.

3.3 Earnings for superannuation balances above $3 million taxed at 30%

From 1 July 2025, the Government will reduce the tax concessions available to individuals with a total superannuation balance exceeding $3 million.

Individuals with a total superannuation balance of less than $3 million will not be affected.

This reform is intended to ensure superannuation concessions are better targeted and sustainable. It will bring the headline tax rate to 30%, up from 15%, for earnings corresponding to the proportion of an individual’s total superannuation balance that is greater than $3 million. This rate remains lower than the top marginal tax rate of 45%.

Earnings relating to assets below the $3 million threshold will continue to be taxed at 15%,or 0%if held in a retirement pension account.

Interests in defined benefit schemes  will  be  appropriately valued and will have earnings taxed under this measure in a similar way to other interests. This will ensure commensurate treatment.

The measure will not place a limit on the  amount of money an individual can hold in superannuation. The current contributions rules will continue to apply.

4. Tax integrity measures

4.1 Expanding the general anti-avoidance rule(Part IVA)

The Government will expand the scope of the general anti-avoidance rule for income tax (Part IVA of the ITAA1936) so that it can apply to:

• schemes that reduce tax paid in Australia by accessing a lower withholding tax rate on income paid to foreign residents; and

• schemes that achieve an Australian income tax benefit, even where the dominant purpose was to reduce foreign income tax.

This measure will apply to income years commencing on or after 1 July 2024, regardless of whether the scheme was entered into before that date.

4.2 Extending the compliance program for personal income tax

The Government will provide $89.6 million to the ATO and $1.2 million to Treasury to extend the Personal Income Tax Compliance Program for two years from 1 July 2025 and expand its scope from 1 July 2023.

This extension will enable the ATO to continue to deliver a combination of proactive, preventative and corrective activities in key areas of non-compliance, and to expand the scope of the program to address emerging areas of risk, such as deductions relating to short-term rental properties to ensure they are genuinely available to rent.

4.3 Improving engagement with taxpayers to ensure timely payment of tax and superannuation liabilities

The Government will provide funding over four years from 1 July 2023 to enable the ATO to engage more effectively with businesses to address the growth of tax and superannuation liabilities. The additional funding will facilitate ATO engagement with taxpayers who have high-value debts over $100,000 and aged debts older than two years where those taxpayers are either:

• public and multinational groups with an aggregated turnover of greater than $10 million; or

• privately owned groups or individuals controlling over $5 million of net wealth.

4.4 Investing in superannuation guarantee compliance

The Government will  provide $40.2 million to the ATO in the 2024income year, which  includes $27  million  for  the  ATO  to  improve  data  matching  capabilities to identify and act on cases of superannuation guarantee underpayment by employers and $13.2 million for consultation and co-design.

4.5 Four-year extension for GST compliance program

The Government will provide $588.8 million to the ATO over fouryears from 1 July 2023 to continue a range of activities that promote GST compliance.

These activities will ensure businesses meet their tax obligations, including accurately accounting for and remitting GST, and correctly claiming GST refunds. Funding through this extension will also  help  the  ATO  develop  more  sophisticated  analytical  tools  to  combat  emerging  risks  to  the GST system.

4.6 Extending  and  merging  the  Serious  Financial  Crime Taskforce and Serious Organised Crime program

The  Government  will  extend  funding  for  the  Serious  Financial  Crime  Taskforce  (‘SFCT’)  and Serious  Organised  Crime  program  (‘SOC’)  over four years to 30 June 2027 and merge the programs, with a merged SFCT to commence from 1 July 2023.

The  SFCT  and  SOC  are  currently  separately  funded  ATO-led  cross-agency  collaborations between the ATO, national policing and other law enforcement and regulatory agencies, targeting serious and organised crime groups and serious financial crime and tax evasion.

An extension and merging of these programs will maximise the disruption of organised  crime groups that seek to undermine the integrity of Australia’s public finances.

5. Other budget measures

5.1 Capital  allowances –Accelerating the  capital  works tax deduction for ‘Build-To-Rent Developments’

For eligible new build-to-rent projects where construction commences after 7:30pm (AEST) on 9 May 2023 (Budget night), the Government will:

• increase the rate for the capital works tax deduction to 4% per year; and

• reduce the final withholding tax rate on eligible fund payments from managed investment trust (‘MIT’) investments from 30% to 15%.

This measure will apply to build-to-rent projects consisting of 50 or more apartments or dwellings made available for  rent to the general public. The  dwellings  must  be  retained  under  single ownership for at least 10 years before being able to be sold and landlords must offer a lease term of at least three years for each dwelling.

The reduced managed investment trust withholding tax rate for residential build-to-rent will apply from 1 July 2024. Consultation will be undertaken on implementation details, including any minimum proportion of dwellings  being offered as affordable tenancies and the length of time dwellings must be retained under single ownership.

5.2 FBT –Electric Car Discount

The Government will sunset the eligibility of plug-in hybrid electric cars for the FBT exemption for eligible electric cars. This change will apply from 1 April 2025.

Arrangements involving plug-in hybrid electric cars entered into between 1 July 2022 and 31 March 2025 remain eligible for the Electric Car Discount.

Note that this announcement is already reflected  in  the  legislation.    Specifically, Treasury  Laws Amendment  (Electric  Car  Discount) Act 2022 included a ‘sunset clause’ with respect to plug-in hybrid electric cars.  The law applies such that a plug-in hybrid electric car ceases to be a ‘zero or low emissions vehicle’ from 1 April 2025 and, thus, ceases to be eligible for the FBT exemption from 1 April 2025, subject to transitional measures.

5.3 Incentivising pensioners   into   the   workforce – six months extension

The  Government  will  provide  $3.7 million to extend the measure to provide age and veterans pensioners with a  once-off credit of $4,000 to their Work Bonus income bank and temporarily increase the maximum income bank until 31 December 2023.

Under  this  measure,  pensioners can earn up to $11,800 before their pension is reduced, supporting pensioners who want to work, or work more hours, to do so without losing their pension.